Confidence among UK small firms has fallen to its lowest point since 2011 according the latest quarterly Small Business Index (SBI) from the Federation of Small Businesses (FSB).
The SBI stands at -9.9 in Q4 2018, reflecting a level of pessimism not seen since the aftermath of the financial crash. The second-lowest SBI reading since 2011 was recorded in the wake of the EU referendum (-2.9).
More than four in ten (43%) small businesses expect their performance to worsen over the coming three months, up from 30% in the summer.
The proportion of small exporters expecting international sales to fall next quarter has soared to a four-year high, surpassing 30% for the first time in that period. The figure is up 14 percentage points compared to Q4 2017.
With EU net migration to the UK at a six-year low, skills shortages are intensifying. The number of small firms citing lack of access to appropriately skilled staff as a barrier to growth has risen above a third (36%) – the highest share since the beginning of 2015.
More than two thirds (67%) of small firms do not expect to increase capital investment in the coming three months. One in seven (15%) are planning to actively decrease investment. The figure is at its highest since Q3 2016 as businesses pause expansion plans amid unprecedented uncertainty.
FSB National Chairman Mike Cherry said: “We’ve not seen political uncertainty weighing on small business confidence like this for many years. Planning ahead has now become impossible for a lot of firms as we simply don’t know what environment we’ll be faced with in little more than 100 days’ time.
“Politicians of all stripes need to take account of the UK small business community’s mounting concern; the economic warning signs are now flashing red. MPs should talk to their local business community and be ready to act to protect the small firms which employ 16 million people.
“As things stand, Brexit is absorbing all of the UK’s political bandwidth. Once resolved, we must get back to issues on the domestic agenda: a late payment crisis that destroys 50,000 firms a year, an outdated business rates system and spiralling employment costs.”
Small businesses are continuing to hire new personnel, with more than one in six (16%) taking on a member of staff in the past three months. Seven in ten (68%) have increased pay compared to last year, significantly more than in the same period in 2017 (58%). Close to one in three (29%) have increased wages by 4% or more.
Half (50%) of small firms still aspire to grow their businesses over the next 12 months. The figure is largely unchanged since this time last year.
Mike Cherry added: “These figures are testament to the resilience and grit of small business owners right across the UK. They’re still hiring, increasing wages and aspiring to grow.
“All is certainly not lost. There is a huge amount of drive and ambition among our small businesses. If they’re given certainty and the support they need, their full potential can be realised.”
Business optimism in Scotland is at the lowest ebb ever recorded by the Federation of Small Businesses’ (FSB) quarterly small business confidence index.
The Scottish figure crashed to -32.6 points from -13.2 points earlier in the year, the lowest since Scottish figures were collected.